Chiari Malformation is a condition in which brain tissue protrudes into the spinal canal. It can either occur when part of the skull is abnormally small or misshapen, or if the pressure in the brain is abnormally high.
Chiari Malformations can produce symptoms in childhood or adulthood.
Doctors categorize Chiari Malformation into four types, depending on the anatomy of the brain tissue that is displaced into the spinal canal, and whether developmental abnormalities of the brain or spine are present.
Many with this condition can present with no symptoms and only made aware of this condition after undergoing an MRI. However, others will present with a variety of symptoms.
Those with Chairi Malformation may experience signs and symptoms such as:
● Severe headaches, often brought on by coughing or sneezing
● Neck pain
● Problems with balance
● Difficulty with fine motor skills
● Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
● Difficulty swallowing
● Gagging or choking when swallowing
● Vision problems
● Slurred speech